Fire Prevention Project
The objective of the technical project of prevention and safety in case of fire is to establish measures in terms of security and prevention of fires that must meet the locations to prevent fires or to minimize the damages in case a fire happens.
Fire prevention measures can be active or passive. The measures that are justified in this project are aimed at preventing, controlling for a certain time or extinguishing a fire. The obligation to write a project on fire safety is required by the state, regional and local regulations applicable in each case.
Together with the activity project of a given establishment, a complementary project in fire prevention must be submitted. The administrative procedure to follow and the competent body in fire safety matters will be established by each autonomous community
Tandem HSE can take charge of the elaboration of your project of prevention and security against fires. We have a specialized team in fire safety for industrial plants or other activities, and we have more than 15 years of experience.
The applicable regulations establish the obligations of a given building’s fire protection systems and equipment must comply with.
The technical project must include the limits of fire extension (internal propagation, external propagation), passive protection measures (fire resistance of the structure, fire resistance of the delimiting elements of the fire sector, reaction of materials to fire, etc.). Active protection measures (fire extinguishers, detectors, push buttons, fire hydrants, hydrants, automatic water sprinklers, temperature control systems and smoke evacuation, emergency lighting, emergency signaling and fire protection systems, etc.), occupant evacuation and accessibility for firefighters.
The technical project of prevention and safety in case of fire is regulated at the state level, by the following regulations:
- The non-industrial establishments (residential, administrative, commercial, schools, hospitals, public locations, services and parking) are governed by the Código Técnico de la Edificación, CTE (“Technical Building Code, TBC”) (RD 314/2006). It is applied in all those activities that are part of a building project according to the Ley de Ordenación de la Edificación (LOE) (“Building Planning Law”). With its basic documents DB-SI (Fire Safety) and DB-SUA (Safety of Use and Accessibility) indicate the requirements that buildings must meet in fire matters.
- Industrial establishments are governed by their applicable sector regulations (storage of chemical products, LPG storage, liquefied petroleum gases, oil facilities, refrigeration facilities, etc.) and by the Fire Safety Regulations in Industrial Establishments, RSCIEI (RD 2267/2004) in which fire safety conditions are defined to protect people and material items within industrial buildings.
Article 4 of Chapter II of the RSCIEI states the following: “newly built industrial establishments and those that change or modify their activity, are moved, expanded or reformed, in the part affected by the extension or reform, will require the presentation of a project, which may be integrated into the general project required by current legislation to obtain mandatory permits and licenses, or be specific; in any case, it must contain the necessary documentation that justifies compliance with these regulations”. “The project will be drafted and signed by a competent qualified technician and approved by its corresponding professional college”. The rules that buildings must comply with in terms of fire prevention and protection measures are established. It also says how to act when there is a fire, etc.
- The Fire Protection Facilities Regulation, RIPCI (RD 513/2017) determines the conditions and requirements for the design, installation/application, maintenance and inspection of the equipment, systems and components that make up the active fire protection facilities.
There are other regulations currently applicable depending of the autonomous community, like “Ley 3/2010 (Catalunya)” (“Law 3/2010 [Catalonia]”), the “Instrucciones Técnicas Complementarias del Departamento de Interior en Catalunya” (“Complementary Technical Instructions of the Department of Interior in Catalonia”), the “Instrucción 1/2018 (Castilla-La Mancha)” (“Instruction 1/2018 [Castilla-La Mancha]”), etc., and municipal ordinances like “Ordenanza municipal de condiciones de protección contra incendios de Barcelona (2008)” (“Municipal ordinance of fire protection conditions of Barcelona ”), etc.
Before buying or renting a building for your business, it is prudent to make a prior analysis of the fire risk and determine the legal obligations that you will have regarding prevention and extinction measures for that building. That way, you will have more data to consider before opening your new location.
Fire prevention and safety projects for new activities or existing activities. It is about adapting an activity to the changes in the regulations or, from the beginning, designing the fire protection system for your activity.
In case you have to make a modification of an upgrade of your installation, we will take care of the basic and executive project management to get the proper construction license.
The simplifies technical report for the first fire inspection of the installations meeting the obligations established in the RIPCI.
Procedures related to the inspection by the Organisme de Control Acreditado (OCA) (“Accredited Control Body”) that must pass your establishment.